The Philippines is an archipelago composed of 7,107 islands stretching to an area of 300,000 square kilometers
Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao are the three largest island groups. Its favorable climate and fertile soils make it an ideal location for tropical fruit production.
The country boasts more than 300 species of edible fruits and nuts but only 20 species are cultivated commercially. The major fruit species grown in the country are banana, pineapple, mango, papaya, and calamondin which are also major export winners.
banana ranked first in terms of production volume among the major fruit crops commercially grown in the country, followed by pineapple, mango, papaya, and calamondin. In terms of area cultivated, bananas remained on top followed by mango, pineapple, and calamondin.
The Philippines is one of the top exporters of bananas in the world.
In the first quarter of 2016, banana production volume reached 4.26 million metric tons.
Banana Production Area:447,900 hectares
Total Banana Production:8.4 million metric tons…
Total Land Area:30 million hectares
The pineapple industry accounts for about 1.4% of total national agricultural production on an annual basis.
The Philippines is among the top exporters of pineapple in the world.
Banana Physiology :
In general, the production of edible Musaceae is threatened by a series of pests and diseases of economic importance, especially due to low-quality cultivars.
Banana trees are giant perennial herbs coming from Southeast Asia and belong to the Musagenus
Tip-over or bacterial soft rot
Mycosphaerella leaf spot, yellow Sigatoka
Moko disease/bacterial wilt
Bunchy top/curly top
Banana bract mosaic virus (BBMV)